The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

3 MM: Document a patient’s medication list

3. Document a patient’s complete medication list, including prescribed, herbal and over-the-counter medications, and for each medication provide the dose, frequency, indication, benefit, side effects, and an assessment of adherence.

Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Introduction
Medical schools are now required to include interprofessional training in which students collaborate with other healthcare professionals. This interprofessional didactic session was created by a pharmacist and physicians to teach a group of medical and pharmacy students about medication reconciliation.
Methods
A physician and pharmacist collaborated to deliver this 50-minute PowerPoint didactic during second-year medical students’ clinical skills course. Participating students included second-year medical students at the author’s institution, plus all pharmacy students rotating at the institution on the day of the didactic, since the author’s institution does not have its own pharmacy school. The didactic consists of lecturing, interprofessional small group work on cases, and large group discussion. Students were surveyed after the didactic to assess their attitudes about the session.
Results
A total of 63 students (54 medical and 9 pharmacy students) attended this didactic. Survey response rate was 58/63 (92%). On a 5-point Likert scale (1=Strongly Disagree, 5=Strongly Agree), students generally agreed that the lecture was valuable (mean +/- SD 4.7 +/- 0.5), provided new information (4.4 +/- 0.7), and should be continued for future students (4.7 +/- 0.5). Students also agreed that their school should have more interprofessional didactics (4.6 +/- 0.6).
Discussion
This 50-minute interprofessional didactic for medical and pharmacy students was highly valued by students, and provides a valuable setting for interprofessional education. This interprofessional didactic can be replicated at other institutions, including medical schools that do not have an on-site pharmacy school.

Educational objectives: 

By the end of this activity, learners will be able to:
1. Appreciate the difficulties many patients have with taking medications appropriately.
2. Describe how to approach patients in a collaborative, nonthreatening manner about their medications.
3. Identify how to appropriately obtain and document a patient’s complete medication list.
4. Appreciate the importance of maintaining an accurate medication list during times of transitions of care.
5. Appreciate the value of interprofessional learning.

Date posted: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Medication Management

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

The Medication Management Module uses a team approach to reduce error and improve the quality of health care for older adults. This interdisciplinary formative assessment tool for Elder Safety can be utilized by fourth-year medical students, residents in training, practicing physicians and other medical professionals. Learners will take a pre-test, review learning objectives, exemplar and video demonstrations, have access to reference materials and links to websites for Medication Management. Physicians and other healthcare providers will be able to establish a protocol for medication management in their practice to reduce medication errors and misadventures. 

Educational objectives: 

1. Understand the impact of medication errors and adverse drug events 

2. Be able to establish an evidence based standardized protocol for medication reconciliation

3. Access evidence based resources and methods for medication management

4. Learn the components of a comprehensive medication history

5. Comprehend the necessity for a standaarized protocol for medication reconciliation

6.  Geriatric specialists provide a Medication Management focus on three target areas: Pain Management, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular

 

Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 

To access the material, go to the Learning Center at https://www.ilearn.nbome.org to access the Elder Safety Modules:

  • Select your learning activity (Medication Management) and addit to your cart.
  • In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. this will prompt you to either create a new account or login to your exisitng one.
  • Create your free account by entering the required information.
  • Once completed you will be directed back to the catalog to complete your course registration.
  • There is No Charge for viewing the Advance Care Plan Module.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Marquez-Hall, S., Horber, D. (2017) Web-based formative assessment: An innovative way to assess and improve physician/patient care using an interprofessional team approach. Joint presentation with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners at the American Association of Osteopathic Medicine and Association of Osteopathic Directors and Medical Educators Annual Conference, Baltimore, MD

Date posted: 
Tue, 01/16/2018
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Information for accessing the Elder Safety Modules can be found in the Additional Details Section.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Medication Management. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Barney Smith - A Progressive Palliative Care Standardized Patient

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Intended Learner Audiences: 
Product Information
Abstract: 

This six part progressive standardized patent serves re train medical students to care for an older adult with a life limiting condition, including making the diagnosis of multiple myeloma, breaking bad news, transitions of care from the hospital to home and curative care to palliation, through advance directiive discussions, and eventually into hospice and his death. The six encounters occur from Year 2 through Year 4 of the medical school curriculum , with a scripted five year span of patient care. Educational modalities include standandized patients, simulation, web-based modules, and small group discussions. 

Educational objectives: 

1) Provide medical care for an older adult with a life limiting condition from their diagnosis through their death

2) Understand the roles of the medical provider and other health care disciplines, as individual providers and as a team, in caring for an older adult with a life limiting diagnosis as they transition from the hospital to home and from curative care to palliation

3) Assist family caregivers in identifying caregiver responsibilities and potential caregiver burden

Date posted: 
Mon, 10/17/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 10/17/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Barney Smith - A Progressive Palliative Care Standardized Patient. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Barney Smith 3 - A Transitions of Care Interprofessional Education Standardized Patient

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Intended Learner Audiences: 
Product Information
Abstract: 

This transitions of care Interprofessional education standardized patient serves to train Year 3 medical students and graduate students from physical, occupational and speech therapy in the transition of care of a frail older adult from the hospital to home. It is the third of a six part progressive standarized patient encounter on palliative care. This clinical simulation is an encounter with Barney as a hospitalized patient with newly acquired functional decline. Learners gain experience in the interprofessional team assessment of a hopsitalized older adult's functional status and the team management of that patient's transition of care from the hospital to home. Educational modalities include web-based instruction , the simulation, and a small group discussion of the interprofessional set of learners immediately following the encounter facilitated by interprofessional faculty.  

Educational objectives: 

1) Perform an interprofessional, comprehensive team assessment of a hospitalized older adult's functional assessment and the team mangement of that patient's transition of care from the hospital to home. 

2) Understand the role that individual discpliness play in conducting  a comprehesive assessment of an older adult's functinal status 

3) Assess specific risks and barriers to older adult safety as they transition from the hospital to home 

4) Assist family caregivers in identfying caregiver responsibilities and potential caregiver burden 

Date posted: 
Mon, 10/17/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 10/17/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Barney Smith 3 - A Transitions of Care Interprofessional Education Standardized Patient. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Seniors Assisting in Geriatric Education - Interprofessional Team-Based Training, Assignments & Grading

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

The Seniors Assisting in Geriatric Education (SAGE) program consists of an educational curriculum and community based outreach program aimed at increasing student opportunities for early exposure to older adults and issues of geriatrics. The program strives to create meaningful relationships for the interprofessional teams of students while gaining knowledge about today’s senior population and their needs. The educational component involves health care profession students interacting with each other and their senior mentor through structured assignments delivered in the home environment.

Student teams are paired in groups of 3-4 healthcare profession students. The student teams are then matched with a community-dwelling senior who receives services from Meals on Wheels or a senior volunteer from the local community. The program includes 6 visits over a 2 year period providing students an opportunity to apply their classroom education in the context and care of an older adult. Students practice and demonstrate basic clinical skills; including taking histories, interviewing, conducting examinations and cognitive assessments, and advising clients on nutrition, home safety, community resources and advance care planning.     

Educational objectives: 
  • Health professions students will develop competency with older adults;
  • Strengthen health care students clinical applications of medical education through an Interprofessional team experience in the SAGE Program;
  • Health professions students learn from each other and appreciate each others professions.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

SAGE Presentations

Marquez-Hall, S. (2015). Interprofessional practice: Seniors assisting in geriatric education. A round table presentation at the Interprofessional Practice Symposium, University of North Texas Health Science Center in Fort Worth, TX.

Marquez-Hall, S. Lane, Y. (2014) seniors assisting in geriatric education (SAGE): Reynolds program address the lack of training in geriatrics and provides a model for interprofessional education. Jefferson Center for Interprofessional Education Annual Conference, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA.

SAGE Poster Presentations:

Marquez-Hall, S., Pitts-Lane, Y. Knebl, J., (2015). Seniors assisting in geriatric education (SAGE): Reynolds program addresses the lack of training in geriatrics and provides a model for interprofessional education. Poster presentation at Research Appreciation Day, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX.

Marquez-Hall, S., Lane, Y., Smith, R. (2014) Survey of medical students in a geriatric training program. Poster presentation at the American Geriatric Society Annual Scientific Meeting, Baltimore, MD.

SAGE Awards:

2013 Mae Cora Peterson Senior Spirit Award in recognition of the Seniors Assisting in Geriatrics Education (SAGE) Program, Senior Citizens of Tarrant County, Texas.

2011 AACOM Excellence in Communications Award. Second Place - Best Community Service Program-Serving Fewer Than 1,000. SAGE Program; University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, Texas College of Osteopathic Medicine.  

Date posted: 
Thu, 10/13/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 10/13/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Seniors Assisting in Geriatric Education - Interprofessional Team-Based Training, Assignments & Grading. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Family Medicine Resident and Geriatric Fellow Longitudinal Home Visit Curriculum

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Abstract: 

With an aging population, the need to train primary care residents and geriatric fellows in home-based care continues to grow. A needs assessment of family medicine residents and geriatric fellows' attitudes and knowledge was performed to guide a novel, longitudinal home care curriculum based out of a Home-Based Primary Care practice within the Family Medicine Center.

Fellows are assigned a panel of two home visit patients from the Family Medicine Center's Home-Based Primary Care practice. Fellows follow these patients monthly and manage their care between visits.  In today’s rapidly changing clinical environment, primary care physicains and geriatricians must be adapt at analyzing systems and processes they work under and making changes to improve patient care. A new home visit program is a natural venue for a specific, achievable quality improvement intervention with support from faculty, the Home Based Primary Care practice team and the Family Medicine Center Patient and Family Advisory Council. 

The longitudinal family medicine resident curriculum is based on graded autonomy and focused objectives for each level with the ultimate goal of residents feeling empowered to include home visits in their future practice. After home visit sessions, residents complete personal, written reflections after each visit to optimize learning and retention, as well as for giving a venue for processing potentially challenging situations. Sample reflections are included. Third-year residents facilitate an interdisciplinary case conference to address various social determinants of health, home safety issues and medication concerns. By residency graduation, residents will complete 10-14 home visits. 

 
Educational objectives: 
  1. Describe challenges and opportunities unique to patient care in the home environment.  
  2. Review medication use and adherence while identifying medications that are no longer effective, are duplicative or carry greater burden than benefit.  Identify medications that you would recommend stopping and create a schedule for stopping these medications.
  3. Develop and implement a safety plan to make the patient’s home environment safer.
  4. Develop a personal plan to integrate home visits into your future practice.

Fellow-specific objectives:

  1. Develop, document and manage patient- and family-centered care plans related to patient’s health conditions and expected trajectory with emphasis on personal goals of care in collaboration with an interprofessional health care team and community service providers.
  2. Implement a process improvement as part of the Home Based Primary Care team.  

 

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/19/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/19/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Family Medicine Resident and Geriatric Fellow Longitudinal Home Visit Curriculum. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Interdisciplinary Health Profession Module Videos

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Care teams often don't know how to effectively and efficiently collaborate when addressing a patient’s health. Depending on a patient’s needs, team leadership can shift at any given moment from one person to another. Because of this constant jockeying and adaptation, educating learners about their own interprofessional relationships is becoming incredibly important. These videos and the corresponding text supplements provide a context for interprofessional team members to discover more about what it takes to become a member of another profession. This knowledge, combined with their own experiences and clinical practice, will assist in preparing learners for the next-generation of team-based healthcare.

Educational objectives: 

After watching these short 2-3 minute videos, interprofessional teams will be able to contextualize their own relationship within the group dynamic, understand the educational requirements that go into other disciplines, and formulate an effective team-based learning approach for future activities.

Date posted: 
Tue, 09/27/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 09/27/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interdisciplinary Health Profession Module Videos. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

VirginiaGeriatrics.Org

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Intended Learner Audiences: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

The VirginiaGeriatrics.Org website consists of 6 primary resources and a secondary list of resources for further research. These primary resources include a video archive of the geriatric grand round lecture series, interactive pre-clinical basic science geriatric case studies for medical students, more advanced geriatric case studies for clinical residents, a quick consult guide for geriatric consults, an "ask the expert" discussion resource, and various educational materials related to the Virginia Geriatrics Society Conference. Additionally, spread through the website are external educational resources to complement the core material. Finally, there are some resources for patients and families that may be interested in contacting clinics and/or geriatricians.

Educational objectives: 

Listed through 6 primary education sections (Grand Rounds, Med Student Materials, Resident Materials, Quick Consults, Ask the Expert, etc)

Date posted: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
VirginiaGeriatrics.Org. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Fall Risk Education & Assessment

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

Each year, one in every three adults ages 65 or older falls and 2 million are treated in emergency departments for fall-related injuries. The risk of falling increases with each decade of life. The long-term consequences of fall injuries, such as hip fractures and traumatic brain injuries (TBI), can impact the health and independence of older adults. However, falls are not necessarily an inevitable part of aging. In fact, many falls can be prevented. All healthcare professionals can take actions to protect older adults.

The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTSHC) Reynolds Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas (IGET-IT) Program has developed a Fall Risk Assessment and Education module as part of the Interprofessional Communication Improvement Modules (ICIM) Elder Safety series. The ICIM Elder Safety modules were created in collaboration with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners (NBOME) and are supported, in part, by a grant from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. The goal of the Elder Safety ICIMs is to provide innovative and sustainable programs to improve the ability of physicians to work with other health disciplines in teams to provide better care for geriatric patients. The care of older adults can be very complex and studies have shown that a team approach can be most effective in leading to quality outcomes.

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Describe risk factors associated with falls in older adults using a comprehensive fall risk assessment.
  • Identify examination components to assess for fall risk.
  • Describe how neurocognitive features can contribute to the risk of falls.
  • Identify four essential tests to assess neurocognitive features.
  • Describe how sensory factors impact the risk of falls.
  • Identify exams to assess sensory factors.
  • Identify the prescription, nonprescription, nutritional supplements, and food/drug interactions that are most frequently associated with an increased fall risk.
  • Discuss polypharmacy and its impact on fall risk.
  • Examine the evidence behind nutritional supplements that may help reduce fractures from falls.
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Gimpel, J., & Dowling, D.J. (2014, August). Watch Your Step: An Osteopathic Approach to Patient Fall Prevention and Intervention. Presented at the Pennsylvania Osteopathic Family Physicians Society Annual Convention, Hershey, PA.

Marquez Hall, S. (2016, May). Assessment Tool for Elder Safety on the Topics of Falls Risk and Elder Mistreatment. Presented at American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting Education Product Showcase, Long Beach, CA.

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Select your activities and add them to your cart. In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. You will be prompted to create a new account or log in to your existing one. Once your account is created, you will be directed back to complete your registration.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Fall Risk Education & Assessment. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

Geriatric Interprofessional Teaching Clinic (GITC)

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Learning Resource Type: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 
•Collaborative interprofessional practice and care are essential to the complex healthcare needs of a rapidly growing older adult population.
•Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) occurs when various health care practitioners, clients and/or caregivers work together to improve a client’s overall health.
•Teaching an IPC model continues to be a major gap in every health professionals’ education.
•To address this gap, the Geriatrics Interprofessional Teaching Clinic (GITC) at the University of Kansas Medical Center's Landon Center on Aging was created. It incorporates six professions: Students and faculty from  Physical Therapy, Medicine, Pharmacy, Social Welfare, Dietitics/Nutrition and Occupational Therapy.
•It is scheduled one half day a week with four patients scheduled on a "rolling" basis allowing for interprofessional teams of three to see patients in a staggered fashion. On average, each visit takes approximately 60-90 minutes.
•Logistically, students from 3 professions review the medical record together, discuss what they want to accomplish in the room, and how they will approach the patient encounter as a team. The students then see the patient and report back to the attending physician and other health professions faculty as a team. The assessment and plan for the patient is developed by the team.
•Team members are asked to define their roles by what the patient needs at that particular visit, starting with their own professional training and scope of practice, but then encouraged to allow themselves to participate in new ways. The interprofessional clinic faculty assist the learners by facilitating reflection on their clinical performance as individuals and as a team at the time of the clinic visit, incorporating their reflections into their next clinical encounter and through debriefing.
•To quantify interprofessional collaboration, evaluation tools are being piloted to assess for team dynamics, and surveys are sent out to each individual learner to assess for behavior and attitude changes. These are both done at the "beginning" and "end" of their GITC experience.
 
 
Educational objectives: 
•Create an interprofessional (IP) clinic involving multiple learners, emphasizing the national interprofessional competencies (values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication and teams/teamwork).
•Train students in IP teams to evaluate their communication with the patient and with other team members following a patient encounter in GITC using a validated rubric. 
•Monitor changes in IP team behavior through individual learner evaluations.
Date posted: 
Mon, 10/10/2016
Date Submitted or Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 10/10/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Geriatric Interprofessional Teaching Clinic (GITC). POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/72

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