The Portal of Geriatrics Online Education

Case-Based Instruction/Learning

An in-depth example of a clinical scenario, real or generated, which can be used to illustrate concrete concepts about one or more topics. Typically used as a basis for discussion or as a learner exercise. Can be a problem-based learning exerciase (PBL).

Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Introduction
Medical schools are now required to include interprofessional training in which students collaborate with other healthcare professionals. This interprofessional didactic session was created by a pharmacist and physicians to teach a group of medical and pharmacy students about medication reconciliation.
Methods
A physician and pharmacist collaborated to deliver this 50-minute PowerPoint didactic during second-year medical students’ clinical skills course. Participating students included second-year medical students at the author’s institution, plus all pharmacy students rotating at the institution on the day of the didactic, since the author’s institution does not have its own pharmacy school. The didactic consists of lecturing, interprofessional small group work on cases, and large group discussion. Students were surveyed after the didactic to assess their attitudes about the session.
Results
A total of 63 students (54 medical and 9 pharmacy students) attended this didactic. Survey response rate was 58/63 (92%). On a 5-point Likert scale (1=Strongly Disagree, 5=Strongly Agree), students generally agreed that the lecture was valuable (mean +/- SD 4.7 +/- 0.5), provided new information (4.4 +/- 0.7), and should be continued for future students (4.7 +/- 0.5). Students also agreed that their school should have more interprofessional didactics (4.6 +/- 0.6).
Discussion
This 50-minute interprofessional didactic for medical and pharmacy students was highly valued by students, and provides a valuable setting for interprofessional education. This interprofessional didactic can be replicated at other institutions, including medical schools that do not have an on-site pharmacy school.

Educational objectives: 

By the end of this activity, learners will be able to:
1. Appreciate the difficulties many patients have with taking medications appropriately.
2. Describe how to approach patients in a collaborative, nonthreatening manner about their medications.
3. Identify how to appropriately obtain and document a patient’s complete medication list.
4. Appreciate the importance of maintaining an accurate medication list during times of transitions of care.
5. Appreciate the value of interprofessional learning.

Date posted: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 02/15/2018
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Didactic on Medication Reconciliation for Medical and Pharmacy Students. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2018 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Advance Directives

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is more than documenting life-sustaining treatment choices or identifying a surrogate decision-maker; it is a comprehensive, continuing communication and ‘shared decision-making’ process between the patient, family, and medical providers designed to document patient values and goals for treatment.

This interactive self- learning module is designed for undergraduate medical students with the goal of introducing learners to ACP while building their confidence in facilitating difficult conversations with patients. At the beginning of the module, we provide background on ACP including the challenges and benefits associated with the process. We showcase an elderly couple discussing how important it is to have advance directives in place. The second portion of the module reviews the common forms that are used to document advance directives and two patient case scenarios where the students can interact and reflect on the acquired content.

Educational objectives: 
  • Recognize the relevance in conducting and documenting advance directive discussions with patients.
  • List commonly used advance directives documents.
  • Develop the skills necessary to engage patients in a discussion about advance directives through the use of realistic patient case scenarios.
     
Date posted: 
Wed, 07/19/2017
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Sun, 07/19/2020
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Interactive self learning module
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Advance Directives. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2017 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

VirginiaGeriatrics.Org

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Other Intended Learner Audiences: 
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

The VirginiaGeriatrics.Org website consists of 6 primary resources and a secondary list of resources for further research. These primary resources include a video archive of the geriatric grand round lecture series, interactive pre-clinical basic science geriatric case studies for medical students, more advanced geriatric case studies for clinical residents, a quick consult guide for geriatric consults, an "ask the expert" discussion resource, and various educational materials related to the Virginia Geriatrics Society Conference. Additionally, spread through the website are external educational resources to complement the core material. Finally, there are some resources for patients and families that may be interested in contacting clinics and/or geriatricians.

Educational objectives: 

Listed through 6 primary education sections (Grand Rounds, Med Student Materials, Resident Materials, Quick Consults, Ask the Expert, etc)

Date posted: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Thu, 09/22/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
VirginiaGeriatrics.Org. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Elder Mistreatment

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Although estimates vary, it is generally believed that 11% of the elderly are abused. According to the National Incidence Study on Elder Abuse, approximately 450,000 elderly experienced abuse each year. If self-neglect is included, the number increases to 551,000. Elder mistreatment is too large of a problem for any one person or one discipline to resolve. Incorporating the expertise of all the members of the interprofessional healthcare team is critical to determine the facts in the situation and the motives of the people involved. Healthcare providers can only see what is presented in the clinical setting. There is so much of the story that may not be manifested in a routine exam and encounter. Having all team members knowledgeable about the sometimes subtle signs of elder mistreatment is helpful for eliciting information and devising a holistic intervention plan.

The University of North Texas Health Science Center (UNTSHC) Reynolds Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas (IGET-IT) Program has developed an Elder Mistreatment module as part of the Interprofessional Communication Improvement Modules (ICIM) Elder Safety series. The ICIM Elder Safety modules were created in collaboration with the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners (NBOME) and are supported, in part, by a grant from the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. The goal of the Elder Safety ICIMs is to provide innovative and sustainable programs to improve the ability of physicians to work with other health disciplines in teams to provide better care for geriatric patients. The care of older adults can be very complex and studies have shown that a team approach can be most effective in leading to quality outcomes.

 

Educational objectives: 

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Define “elder mistreatment”
  • Describe the prevalence of elder mistreatment in the US
  • Define the multiple forms of elder mistreatment
  • Identify risk factors for elder mistreatment
  • List indicators of elder mistreatment
  • Prioritize the steps of elder mistreatment assessment
  • Determine the approach for including an elder mistreatment assessment in an IP team model of geriatric assessment
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Marquez Hall, S. (2016, May). Assessment Tool for Elder Safety on the Topics of Falls Risk and Elder Mistreatment. Presented at American Geriatrics Society Annual Scientific Meeting Education Product Showcase, Long Beach, CA.

Date posted: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Wed, 10/05/2016
Product Viewing Instructions: 
Select your activities and add them to your cart. In the cart, click Proceed to Checkout. You will be prompted to create a new account or log in to your existing one. Once your account is created, you will be directed back to complete your registration.
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Interprofessional Geriatric Education and Training in Texas: Elder Mistreatment. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

Family caregivers are on the frontlines managing complicated chronic illnesses, assisting with day-to-day functioning, and providing direct care to manage symptoms and improve the quality of life of their loved ones. Yet, health professions students, medical/surgical residents, and care providers receive little, if any, training on the vital role that caregivers play on the healthcare team and how, effective partnering optimizes patient care throughout the illness trajectory and at end-of life.

The goal of Building Caregiver Partnerships through Innovative Interprofessional Education is to create effective partnerships between healthcare providers and family caregivers to reduce the burdens, ease suffering, and enhance the meaning of the caregiving experience for the patient, family and health care providers.  The project centers on a 20-minute film, No Roadmap: Caregiver Journeys, which features the compelling stories of four caregiving families. The film and companion discussion guides as well as resources for case-based learning and structured clinical encounters are freely accessible on the website. http://www.neomed.edu/medicine/palliativecare/building-caregiver-partnerships/

The website is designed so that faculty can easily select the materials that best fit their learners’ needs and the time constraints within their programs. The curricula is appropriate for medical, pharmacy, nursing, and other health professions educational programs at both undergraduate and graduate levels. Additionally, tools have been developed for interdisciplinary team-based forums and health provider training.  For medical/surgical residency programs, relevant ACGME milestones are identified. 

Educational objectives: 

The objectives of the educational tools are to prepare learners to:
• Describe home-based eldercare as a shared experience and the importance of building a relationship with family caregivers and care recipients based on trust, compassion and open communication; 
• Describe the vital role of family caregivers as important, but under recognized, members of the health care team;
• Discuss the meaning and challenges of family caregiving;
• Engage caregivers in meaningful discussions to identify the needs, values and goals of their caregiving family;
• Identify resources to address caregiver concerns and provide ongoing support; and
• Provide holistic team-based care to family caregivers that improves the quality of life for the care recipient and the caregivers. 

 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

~~Date/Location Meeting/Forum Presentation Title Presenter(s)
Jan 28-31, 2016, Phoenix, Arizona; Society of Teachers of Family Medicine; 45 min presentation;  Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Clerks;  D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas

March 10-13, 2016; Chicago, Ill;  American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine;  60-min workshop; Using Film to Foster Empathetic Partnerships between Care Providers and Family Caregivers;  J. Drost; E. Scott; M. Scott; D. Damore; S. Radwany

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Poster; Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Innovative Health Professions Education; E. Scott, S. Radwany, D. Drost, K. Baughman, B. Palmisano, M. Sanders

May 19-21, 2016; Long Beach, Ca; American Geriatrics Society; Educational Product Session; Building Caregiver Partnership Through Innovative Health Professions Education; J. Drost; B. Palmisano

May 25, 2016; NEOMED Department of Family and Community Medicine Resident Scholarship Day; 15 min presentation; Exploring Caregiver Journeys: A Curricular Tool for Family Medicine Residents; D. Sperling; J.T. Thomas
 

Date posted: 
Mon, 12/12/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Fri, 05/19/2017
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Building Caregiver Partnerships Through Interprofessional Education. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Transitions of Care Workshop- Preparing 4th year Medical Students for Internship

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

Care Transitions are complicated and ineffective transitions result in poor patient outcomes and readmissions. The Association for American Medical Colleges (AAMC) has recently developed Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) required for graduating medical students and two of the thirteen focus on transition of care issues. Residency programs are formalizing curricula around this topic as it is one of six focus areas within the Clinical Learning Environment Review (CLER) program, however graduating medical students have no formalized training in Care Transitions as of this time. This product provides a framework for practical training for graduating medical students and interns. A case based workshop on care transitions was created and utilized to instruct 4th yeard medical students and  Interns.  This included a small group didactic and a team based problem-solving session focused on a discharge case of a geriatric patient with multimorbidity. This curriculum was initially designed for medical students and interns on Internal Medicine, but can also be utilized to instruct learners in other fields and interprofessional learners.

Educational objectives: 
Define a care transition
Identify those at high risk for a complicated care transition
Apply specific risk assessment tools including the 8P’s, to estimate risk
Appraise the consequences resulting from ineffective transitions of care
Formulate a  safe care transition and discharge plan
Identify the important components of  successful transitional care
Additional information/Special implementation requirements or guidelines: 
Transitions of Care curriculum for 4th year medical students and Medical Interns
Interactive case based workshop to provide practical training on Transitions of Care
Small group classroom session with power point presentation and with a team based problem-solving component focusing on a discharge case of a geriatric patient with multimorbidit
Faculty Guide designed to guide active learning while students worked through the case in their teams
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Kranz, Kimberly, Strano-Paul, Lisa.  Preparing Graduating 4th year Medical Students for Internship- Implementing a Transitions of Care Workshop. Model Geriatric Programs: Geriatric Education Materials and Methods Swap. Presented at American Geriatric Society Annual Meeting Long Beach CA May 2016   

Kranz, K, Strano-Paul L, Go, R. Preparing graduating 4th year medical students for internship: Implementing a Transitions of Care Workshop. American Geriatric Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach CA, May 2016.

Kranz, K, Strano-Paul L, Go, R. Preparing graduating 4th year medical students for internship: Implementing a Transitions of Care Workshop. Women in Medicine Research Day. Stony Brook School of Medicine, Stony Brook, NY March 2016.

Kranz, K, Strano-Paul L, Go, R. Preparing graduating 4th year medical students for internship: Implementing a Transitions of Care Workshop. Clerkship Directors of Internal Medicine, Academic Internal Medicine Week, Atlanta, GA. October 2015.

                               

Date posted: 
Mon, 06/20/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 06/20/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Transitions of Care Workshop- Preparing 4th year Medical Students for Internship. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

3D (dementia, depression, delirium) Flipped Classroom Didactic for Medical Students

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

Background: Dementia, delirium, and depression are core minimum competencies outlined by the AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges) for medical students by graduation. Focus groups with Hopkins’ medical students found that they had variable clinical experiences with 3Ds during neurology and psychiatry rotations and found it challenging to take a history from a patient with cognitive impairment.
Methods: A joint curriculum was established with psychiatry and neurology core clerkship directors for third and fourth year medical students. Pre-session: PowerPoint with information on 3Ds, mini-cog, 4AT, and PHQ-9. Using pre-recorded simulated videos, students completed worksheets and discussed in class. Additionally we incorporated an in person caregiver interview. We assessed students’ knowledge with in-class audience response questions, pre and post evaluations on how well learning objectives were addressed, and three month post didactic to assess behavior change. This curriculum will be repeated 4 more times during 2015-2016 academic year.
Results: In the first 3 quarters, 64 students completed didactic. Students scored 44-78% correct on 3/6 knowledge test questions (other 3 questions scored >90% correct). Students demonstrated most improvement in use and interpret mini-cog for dementia screen and 4AT for delirium screen as well as communication skills with patients and caregivers. No self-reported change pre and post didactic for students’ ability to differentiating between dementia and depression, or between dementia and delirium. Most importantly, a majority of students identified the importance of communicating with caregivers and providing support not only for the patient, but also for the caregiver. At three months follow up survey (75% completion rate), students identified communication techniques and understanding caregiver’s challenges as the most useful “take home” points from didactic.
Conclusions: Overall the 3D didactic was well received by medical students. They improved in identifying when to use screening tools for 3Ds, which may translate from knowledge to behavior at their next rotations. They also overwhelmingly identified the importance of communicating and assessing caregivers’ needs. More data will be collected during additional sessions this academic year. This curriculum could be easily disseminated without much additional resources.

Educational objectives: 

Knowledge & Skills objectives:
1. Recognize, compare and contrast  delirium, dementia, and depression in various clinical presentations.
2. Formulate a differential diagnosis and implement initial evaluation in a patient who exhibits delirium, dementia, or depression by evaluating video interviews among patient, caregiver, and provider triad communication skills.
3.  Assess an older patient with delirium, initiate a diagnostic work-up to determine the root cause (etiology), by identifying predisposing factors and differential diagnosis of delirium, by utilizing  non pharmacologic strategies for delirium.
4. Perform and interpret a cognitive assessment in older patients for whom there are concerns regarding memory or function by demonstrating the ability to differentiate the result of 4AT (rapid assessment test of delirium) based on video interview of delirious patient.  Proficiency to use Mini-Mental Status Exam (MMSE)and mini-cog to determine cognitive impairment.

Program/process Objectives:
• ≥ 95% of medical students in neurology and psychiatry rotation will attend the dementia day.
• Of students who attended didactic in person, 100% of the medical students will have demonstrated the ability to distinguish dementia, delirium, and depression using worksheets based on video interviews.

 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

AGS poster presentation 2016

AGS Educational Showcase 2016

Date posted: 
Tue, 07/26/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 07/26/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
3D (dementia, depression, delirium) Flipped Classroom Didactic for Medical Students. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Postoperative Delirium Curriculum For General Surgery Residents

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
2
Abstract: 

According to estimates, 50% of older adults will have an operation after the age of 65 with postoperative delirium being the most common complication in this age group. Even though delirium is common, the diagnosis is often overlooked and improperly treated. The American Geriatric Society surveyed surgical specialists and found that delirium was the geriatric clinical issue having the largest knowledge gap. Most surgical training programs still have little geriatric care incorporated explicitly into the curricula, and little explicit assessment of skills in caring for older patients. There is still a significant gap in formalized delirium education in surgical training programs. Our goal is to address this gap with this postoperative delirium curriculum for general surgery residents. Our objective is that through this geriatric surgical curriculum with a foundation consisting of delirium prevention, assessment, and management will ultimately lead to improved surgical care outcomes for older adults. This is a case based guide to compliment an online module through the Surgical Council of Resident Education (SCORE) website. We designed an online module on the SCORE website on postoperative delirium and this is an interactive case based small group exercise along with pre-post test, mini-cex, pocket card, and consultant check sheet. The case will require learners to go through a real surgical case, identify and modify risk factors, do delirium risk assessment, use a validated delirium screening tool (4AT), and come up with prevention and treatment options.

Educational objectives: 

After completion of the curriculum, the surgical resident will be able to:

  1. Identify the pathophysiological causes of postoperative delirium.
  2. Identify risk factors for the development of postoperative delirium.
  3. Recognize interventions to prevent postoperative delirium.
  4. Describe the common presentation of delirium and be able to distinguish delirium from dementia and depression.
  5. Recognize evidence based assessment tools (e.g. 3D CAM, 4AT, etc.) as reliable ways to screen for postoperative delirium.
  6. Describe the major effects that delirium has on surgical and patient outcomes.
  7. Correctly employed a validated delirium assessment tool (e.g. 4AT) to screen postoperative delirium in non-ICU older confused surgical patient.
  8. Calculate the correct delirium risk assessment score for a case scenario.
  9. Propose strategies for mitigating preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative risk factors for a common general surgery case scenario.
  10. Identify "best-practice" non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment strategies to manage postoperative delirium given a case scenario   
  11. Demonstrate to their attending or geriatric consultant the correct use of a validated delirium assessment tool to screen for postoperative delirium in non-ICU older confused surgical patient. 
  12. Perform prevention measures and monitor delirium development via evidence based assessment method (e.g 4AT) prior to geriatric consult.   

As a result of the curriculum, surgical residents will rate as important that surgeons should know:

1. Treatment strategies for postoperative delirium.

2. How to screen for postoperative delirium using a validated assessment tool.       

3. Strategies to prevent postoperative delirium.      

 

Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

This was presented at the American Geriatricy Society Meeting and American Delirium Society Meeting.

Date posted: 
Tue, 07/19/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Tue, 07/19/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Postoperative Delirium Curriculum For General Surgery Residents. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Ambulatory Geriatrics Curriculum for Internal Medicine Residents Module on BPSD: Agitation and Behavioral Problems in Dementia

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

In 2012, 5.4 million Americans are diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease.  Lifetime risk of experiencing BPSD (Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia) is nearly 100%.  BPSD is associated with increased morbidity and nursing home placement and is potentially treatable.  The information in this curriculum has been created to help the general internal medicine residents have a structured approach to the evaluation and management of BPSD.  This is the 3rd topic covered in a four part ambulatory geriatric curriculum that was developed for internal medicine residents.  To learn more about the successful ambulatory curriculum developed, please  check out  manuscript by Chang C1, Callahan EH, Hung WW, Thomas DC, Leipzig RM, DeCherrie LV. A Model for Integrating the Assessment and Management of Geriatric Syndromes Into Internal Medicine Continuity Practice: 5-Year Report. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2015 Jul 9:1-15.

Educational objectives: 

At the conclusion of this module, learners will be able to:

  1. Define BPSD
  2. Evaluate BPSD
  3. Discuss the Guidelines for Management of BPSD
    • Nonpharmacologic Interventions
    • Pharmacologic Interventions
Publications from, presentations from, and/or citations to this product: 

Christine Changab*, Eileen H. Callahanab, William W. Hungc, David C. Thomasb, Rosanne M. Leipzigab & Linda V. DeCherrieab A Model for Integrating the Assessment and Management of Geriatric Syndromes Into Internal Medicine Continuity Practice: 5-Year Report Gerontology & Geriatrics Education. Published online: 09 Jul 2015. DOI:10.1080/02701960.2015.1031897.

Date posted: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Ambulatory Geriatrics Curriculum for Internal Medicine Residents Module on BPSD: Agitation and Behavioral Problems in Dementia. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

Nonpharmacologic Management of BPSD: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia

:  
Date Posted: 
12/31/1969
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
12/31/1969
Product Information
Estimated time to complete: 
1
Abstract: 

In 2012, 5.4 million Americans were diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease.  Lifetime risk of experiencing BPSD (Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia) is nearly 100%.  BPSD is associated with increased morbidity and nursing home placement and is potentially treatable.  The information in this curriculum has been created to help the general internist have a structured approach to the evaluation and management of BPSD. 

Educational objectives: 

Participants will be able to:

  1. Define BPSD
  2. Evaluate BPSD
  3. Discuss the Guidelines for Management of BPSD
Date posted: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Date Reviewed/Updated for Clinical Accuracy: 
Mon, 09/12/2016
Contact Person/Corresponding Author:



Suggested Citation:
Nonpharmacologic Management of BPSD: Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia. POGOe - Portal of Geriatrics Online Education; 2016 Available from: https://pogoe.org/taxonomy/term/38

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